Welcome to the second and final part of the Rails 5 Imgur clone, in this part, we will build the image uploading, manage configurations and then deploy to Heroku.
Be sure to check out the first part here if you haven’t already.
First, signup and verify a new cloudinary account by going here, it’s my referral link to cloudinary which will give me little bit extra space.
Let’s start by adding few more variables to our cloudinary configuration at config/initializers/cloudinary.rb
Remember, the cloudinary.rb has to exactly in that folder, if you open the config/application.rb you’ll see in the comments written it says the config has to be there, it’s just how rails configuration works.
Make sure your cloudinary.rb looks something like this.
Cloudinary.config do |config|
config.cloud_name = ENV['CLOUDINARY_CLOUD_NAME']
config.api_key = ENV['CLOUDINARY_API_KEY']
config.api_secret = ENV['CLOUDINARY_API_SECRET']
config.cdn_subdomain = true
config.enhance_image_tag = true
Go to cloudinary dashboard and you will the Cloud name, API Key, API Secret variables which we will use. The inclusion of cdn_subdomain increases image serving performance by getting the best cdn location and enhance_image_tag adds more functions to the built in rails image_tag method.
Okay, here we are dynamically setting environment variables to our application. It will pick up variables for production and development environments. You really don’t wanna hard code this as it is not safe and wise to publicize your keys and other info as these are highly sensitive. This style is highly recommended for any of your rails project not just this. It’s just really a damn good practice. You might think its just a home project but if you work at a company this is really serious so, it’s better to practice from now.
Secondly, and this is the most important step, setting up your variables in your environment. We are going to use the dotenv gem. Add this to your Gemfile and run bundle in your terminal to install the gem and then restart your server.
gem 'dotenv-rails', groups: [:development, :test]
This is by far the best, easiest and simple solution and works perfectly.
Now go to project’s root directory and create a file called .env
We are going to set our variables like this.
Just put the variables as it is without any quotes. And then add .env to your .gitignore so that it doesn’t get pushed to your GitHub repo. We are going to add Heroku cloudinary add-on and set the variable in the production environment in their way.
Alright, our configuration part is done for now. If you wanna further know about the dotenv gem then go to their github page and read more.
Finally, we are going to add code to our controller for uploading and saving images to the database.
Go to your controller at pics_controller.rb and add to your new & create method like this.
@pic = Pic.new
@pic = Pic
What we are doing here is basically creating an instance variable called @pic and adding the new method to our Pic model which we will use it in all over our project. Later, in the create method we are allowing it to add to the database, then save it and take it to that pic page after it’s been saved to our database.
Now, create a new.html.erb & _form.html.erb in app/views/pics/ directory
In your _form.html.erb add this code.
<%= form_for @pic do |f| %>
<%= f.label :image do %>
<%= f.hidden_field :image_cache %>
<%= f.file_field :image %>
<% end %><%= f.submit %>
<% end %>
So, here we are creating a form for a pic to be added to our database and then we are going to display it in the web.
Now, we going to implement the show page and controller.
In your pics_controller.rb add this following code
@pic = Pic.find(params[:id])
Here we are pulling the data from database by their id
Create a new file show.html.erb in app/views/pics/ directory and this simple line to display the image to the public
<%= image_tag(@pic.image.url, width: '100%', crop: "scale") %>
We are also scaling the image to fit in the display so, that it looks beautiful.
Great, your image is displayed now we are going to display all the images to our index/ home page. Open pics_controller.rb add this following code to index controller to get all the images from the database
@pics = Pic.all
In your index.html.erb add this to loop through all the images and display it to the index page.
<% @pics.each do |pic| %>
<%= image_tag(pic.image.url, width: '100%', crop: "scale") %>
<% end %>
Now, we are going to prettify our app a little by adding simple bootstrap css and a navigation.
Go to bootstrap, it’s a bootstrap material design flavor which I really like, you could use this or anything else you like. Grab the link add it to the head of your application.html.erb right below the csrf meta tags
Now, create a partial named _header.html.erb inside the app/views/layouts/ directory, and add the navigation to our header
And then render the header to our main application page. Add this to your application.html.erb on top yield
<%= render 'layouts/header' %>
Now, as a final step we are going to take our app live by deploying it to heroku.
For our application to work on production, we need to do some modification to our Gemfile. Move the gem ‘sqlite’ to development group and add pg for PostgreSQL for production.
group :development do
group :production do
Then do this following to install the gems
gem install bundler
Git add and commit all of your files.
git add .; git commit -m ‘project finished’
Create a new git repo in your account and our codebase to it. Follow the instructions on the screen to do git remote add and push.
Now, we are ready to take it live. Create a new heroku account for FREE and verify it. Then, create a new heroku app in your terminal and push it.
git push heroku master
We are going to have migrate our schema to production for our app to work. We can do it like this.
heroku run rails db:migrate
Do heroku open to open the app in browser.
Okay, now you are going to do the most important step for our image uploading to work.
heroku addons:create cloudinary:starter
Remember, we set up the environment variables for cloudinary for development machine, now we are going to do it for our production.
Go to your heroku dashboard, then to your app, and then to the cloudinary dashboard to get our configurations.
Now, in your terminal do this following to add the config variables.
heroku config:set CLOUDINARY_CLOUD_NAME=
heroku config:set CLOUDINARY_API_KEY=
heroku config:set CLOUDINARY_API_SECRET=
Try uploading a pic in your app and then check the cloudinary dashboard that it’s been added.
Congratulations, you have successfully built a fully functional web app. Feel free to play around with it and make it more awesome.
Here is the link to my github repo. All the code is hosted here for your reference.
Thank you for reading it, hope you enjoyed it and will use this knowledge to build something awesome.
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